Source code for can.interfaces.vector.canlib

Ctypes wrapper module for Vector CAN Interface on win32/win64 systems.

Authors: Julien Grave <>, Christian Sandberg

# Import Standard Python Modules
# ==============================
import contextlib
import ctypes
import logging
import os
import time
from types import ModuleType
from typing import (

WaitForSingleObject: Optional[Callable[[int, int], int]]
INFINITE: Optional[int]
    # Try builtin Python 3 Windows API
    from _winapi import INFINITE, WaitForSingleObject  # type: ignore

    HAS_EVENTS = True
except ImportError:
    WaitForSingleObject, INFINITE = None, None
    HAS_EVENTS = False

# Import Modules
# ==============
from can import (
from can.typechecking import AutoDetectedConfig, CanFilters
from can.util import (

# Define Module Logger
# ====================
LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# Import Vector API modules
# =========================
from . import xlclass, xldefine
from .exceptions import VectorError, VectorInitializationError, VectorOperationError

# Import safely Vector API module for Travis tests
xldriver: Optional[ModuleType] = None
    from . import xldriver
except Exception as exc:
    LOG.warning("Could not import vxlapi: %s", exc)

[docs]class VectorBus(BusABC): """The CAN Bus implemented for the Vector interface.""" deprecated_args = dict( sjwAbr="sjw_abr", tseg1Abr="tseg1_abr", tseg2Abr="tseg2_abr", sjwDbr="sjw_dbr", tseg1Dbr="tseg1_dbr", tseg2Dbr="tseg2_dbr", ) @deprecated_args_alias( deprecation_start="4.0.0", deprecation_end="5.0.0", **deprecated_args, ) def __init__( self, channel: Union[int, Sequence[int], str], can_filters: Optional[CanFilters] = None, poll_interval: float = 0.01, receive_own_messages: bool = False, timing: Optional[Union[BitTiming, BitTimingFd]] = None, bitrate: Optional[int] = None, rx_queue_size: int = 2**14, app_name: Optional[str] = "CANalyzer", serial: Optional[int] = None, fd: bool = False, data_bitrate: Optional[int] = None, sjw_abr: int = 2, tseg1_abr: int = 6, tseg2_abr: int = 3, sjw_dbr: int = 2, tseg1_dbr: int = 6, tseg2_dbr: int = 3, **kwargs: Any, ) -> None: """ :param channel: The channel indexes to create this bus with. Can also be a single integer or a comma separated string. :param can_filters: See :class:`can.BusABC`. :param receive_own_messages: See :class:`can.BusABC`. :param timing: An instance of :class:`~can.BitTiming` or :class:`~can.BitTimingFd` to specify the bit timing parameters for the VectorBus interface. The `f_clock` value of the timing instance must be set to 8_000_000 (8MHz) or 16_000_000 (16MHz) for CAN 2.0 or 80_000_000 (80MHz) for CAN FD. If this parameter is provided, it takes precedence over all other timing-related parameters. Otherwise, the bit timing can be specified using the following parameters: `bitrate` for standard CAN or `fd`, `data_bitrate`, `sjw_abr`, `tseg1_abr`, `tseg2_abr`, `sjw_dbr`, `tseg1_dbr`, and `tseg2_dbr` for CAN FD. :param poll_interval: Poll interval in seconds. :param bitrate: Bitrate in bits/s. :param rx_queue_size: Number of messages in receive queue (power of 2). CAN: range `16…32768` CAN-FD: range `8192…524288` :param app_name: Name of application in *Vector Hardware Config*. If set to `None`, the channel should be a global channel index. :param serial: Serial number of the hardware to be used. If set, the channel parameter refers to the channels ONLY on the specified hardware. If set, the `app_name` does not have to be previously defined in *Vector Hardware Config*. :param fd: If CAN-FD frames should be supported. :param data_bitrate: Which bitrate to use for data phase in CAN FD. Defaults to arbitration bitrate. :param sjw_abr: Bus timing value sample jump width (arbitration). :param tseg1_abr: Bus timing value tseg1 (arbitration) :param tseg2_abr: Bus timing value tseg2 (arbitration) :param sjw_dbr: Bus timing value sample jump width (data) :param tseg1_dbr: Bus timing value tseg1 (data) :param tseg2_dbr: Bus timing value tseg2 (data) :raise ~can.exceptions.CanInterfaceNotImplementedError: If the current operating system is not supported or the driver could not be loaded. :raise ~can.exceptions.CanInitializationError: If the bus could not be set up. This may or may not be a :class:`~can.interfaces.vector.VectorInitializationError`. """ self.__testing = kwargs.get("_testing", False) if != "nt" and not self.__testing: raise CanInterfaceNotImplementedError( f"The Vector interface is only supported on Windows, " f'but you are running "{}"' ) if xldriver is None: raise CanInterfaceNotImplementedError("The Vector API has not been loaded") self.xldriver = xldriver # keep reference so mypy knows it is not None self.xldriver.xlOpenDriver() self.poll_interval = poll_interval self.channels: Sequence[int] if isinstance(channel, int): self.channels = [channel] elif isinstance(channel, str): # must be checked before generic Sequence # Assume comma separated string of channels self.channels = [int(ch.strip()) for ch in channel.split(",")] elif isinstance(channel, Sequence): self.channels = [int(ch) for ch in channel] else: raise TypeError( f"Invalid type for parameter 'channel': {type(channel).__name__}" ) self._app_name = app_name.encode() if app_name is not None else b"" self.channel_info = "Application {}: {}".format( app_name, ", ".join(f"CAN {ch + 1}" for ch in self.channels), ) channel_configs = get_channel_configs() self.mask = 0 self.fd = isinstance(timing, BitTimingFd) if timing else fd self.channel_masks: Dict[int, int] = {} self.index_to_channel: Dict[int, int] = {} for channel in self.channels: channel_index = self._find_global_channel_idx( channel=channel, serial=serial, app_name=app_name, channel_configs=channel_configs, ) LOG.debug("Channel index %d found", channel) channel_mask = 1 << channel_index self.channel_masks[channel] = channel_mask self.index_to_channel[channel_index] = channel self.mask |= channel_mask permission_mask = xlclass.XLaccess() # Set mask to request channel init permission if needed if bitrate or fd or timing: permission_mask.value = self.mask interface_version = ( xldefine.XL_InterfaceVersion.XL_INTERFACE_VERSION_V4 if self.fd else xldefine.XL_InterfaceVersion.XL_INTERFACE_VERSION ) self.port_handle = xlclass.XLportHandle(xldefine.XL_INVALID_PORTHANDLE) self.xldriver.xlOpenPort( self.port_handle, self._app_name, self.mask, permission_mask, rx_queue_size, interface_version, xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN, ) self.permission_mask = permission_mask.value LOG.debug( "Open Port: PortHandle: %d, PermissionMask: 0x%X", self.port_handle.value, permission_mask.value, ) # set CAN settings for channel in self.channels: if isinstance(timing, BitTiming): timing = check_or_adjust_timing_clock(timing, [16_000_000, 8_000_000]) self._set_bit_timing( channel=channel, timing=timing, ) elif isinstance(timing, BitTimingFd): timing = check_or_adjust_timing_clock(timing, [80_000_000]) self._set_bit_timing_fd( channel=channel, timing=timing, ) elif fd: self._set_bit_timing_fd( channel=channel, timing=BitTimingFd.from_bitrate_and_segments( f_clock=80_000_000, nom_bitrate=bitrate or 500_000, nom_tseg1=tseg1_abr, nom_tseg2=tseg2_abr, nom_sjw=sjw_abr, data_bitrate=data_bitrate or bitrate or 500_000, data_tseg1=tseg1_dbr, data_tseg2=tseg2_dbr, data_sjw=sjw_dbr, ), ) elif bitrate: self._set_bitrate(channel=channel, bitrate=bitrate) # Enable/disable TX receipts tx_receipts = 1 if receive_own_messages else 0 self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelMode(self.port_handle, self.mask, tx_receipts, 0) if HAS_EVENTS: self.event_handle = xlclass.XLhandle() self.xldriver.xlSetNotification(self.port_handle, self.event_handle, 1) else:"Install pywin32 to avoid polling") try: self.xldriver.xlActivateChannel( self.port_handle, self.mask, xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN, 0 ) except VectorOperationError as error: self.shutdown() raise VectorInitializationError.from_generic(error) from None # Calculate time offset for absolute timestamps offset = xlclass.XLuint64() try: if time.get_clock_info("time").resolution > 1e-5: ts, perfcounter = time_perfcounter_correlation() try: self.xldriver.xlGetSyncTime(self.port_handle, offset) except VectorInitializationError: self.xldriver.xlGetChannelTime(self.port_handle, self.mask, offset) current_perfcounter = time.perf_counter() now = ts + (current_perfcounter - perfcounter) self._time_offset = now - offset.value * 1e-9 else: try: self.xldriver.xlGetSyncTime(self.port_handle, offset) except VectorInitializationError: self.xldriver.xlGetChannelTime(self.port_handle, self.mask, offset) self._time_offset = time.time() - offset.value * 1e-9 except VectorInitializationError: self._time_offset = 0.0 self._is_filtered = False super().__init__(channel=channel, can_filters=can_filters, **kwargs) def _find_global_channel_idx( self, channel: int, serial: Optional[int], app_name: Optional[str], channel_configs: List["VectorChannelConfig"], ) -> int: if serial is not None: serial_found = False for channel_config in channel_configs: if channel_config.serial_number != serial: continue serial_found = True if channel_config.hw_channel == channel: return channel_config.channel_index if not serial_found: err_msg = f"No interface with serial {serial} found." else: err_msg = ( f"Channel {channel} not found on interface with serial {serial}." ) raise CanInitializationError( err_msg, error_code=xldefine.XL_Status.XL_ERR_HW_NOT_PRESENT ) if app_name: hw_type, hw_index, hw_channel = self.get_application_config( app_name, channel ) idx = cast( int, self.xldriver.xlGetChannelIndex(hw_type, hw_index, hw_channel) ) if idx < 0: # Undocumented behavior! See issue #353. # If hardware is unavailable, this function returns -1. # Raise an exception as if the driver # would have signalled XL_ERR_HW_NOT_PRESENT. raise VectorInitializationError( xldefine.XL_Status.XL_ERR_HW_NOT_PRESENT,, "xlGetChannelIndex", ) return idx # check if channel is a valid global channel index for channel_config in channel_configs: if channel == channel_config.channel_index: return channel raise CanInitializationError( f"Channel {channel} not found. The 'channel' parameter must be " f"a valid global channel index if neither 'app_name' nor 'serial' were given.", error_code=xldefine.XL_Status.XL_ERR_HW_NOT_PRESENT, ) def _has_init_access(self, channel: int) -> bool: return bool(self.permission_mask & self.channel_masks[channel]) def _read_bus_params(self, channel: int) -> "VectorBusParams": channel_mask = self.channel_masks[channel] vcc_list = get_channel_configs() for vcc in vcc_list: if vcc.channel_mask == channel_mask: return vcc.bus_params raise CanInitializationError( f"Channel configuration for channel {channel} not found." ) def _set_bitrate(self, channel: int, bitrate: int) -> None: # set parameters if channel has init access if self._has_init_access(channel): self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelBitrate( self.port_handle, self.channel_masks[channel], bitrate, )"xlCanSetChannelBitrate: baudr.=%u", bitrate) if not self.__testing: self._check_can_settings( channel=channel, bitrate=bitrate, ) def _set_bit_timing(self, channel: int, timing: BitTiming) -> None: # set parameters if channel has init access if self._has_init_access(channel): if timing.f_clock == 8_000_000: self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelParamsC200( self.port_handle, self.channel_masks[channel], timing.btr0, timing.btr1, ) "xlCanSetChannelParamsC200: BTR0=%#02x, BTR1=%#02x", timing.btr0, timing.btr1, ) elif timing.f_clock == 16_000_000: chip_params = xlclass.XLchipParams() chip_params.bitRate = timing.bitrate chip_params.sjw = timing.sjw chip_params.tseg1 = timing.tseg1 chip_params.tseg2 = timing.tseg2 chip_params.sam = timing.nof_samples self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelParams( self.port_handle, self.channel_masks[channel], chip_params, ) "xlCanSetChannelParams: baudr.=%u, sjwAbr=%u, tseg1Abr=%u, tseg2Abr=%u", chip_params.bitRate, chip_params.sjw, chip_params.tseg1, chip_params.tseg2, ) else: raise CanInitializationError( f"timing.f_clock must be 8_000_000 or 16_000_000 (is {timing.f_clock})" ) if not self.__testing: self._check_can_settings( channel=channel, bitrate=timing.bitrate, sample_point=timing.sample_point, ) def _set_bit_timing_fd( self, channel: int, timing: BitTimingFd, ) -> None: # set parameters if channel has init access if self._has_init_access(channel): canfd_conf = xlclass.XLcanFdConf() canfd_conf.arbitrationBitRate = timing.nom_bitrate canfd_conf.sjwAbr = timing.nom_sjw canfd_conf.tseg1Abr = timing.nom_tseg1 canfd_conf.tseg2Abr = timing.nom_tseg2 canfd_conf.dataBitRate = timing.data_bitrate canfd_conf.sjwDbr = timing.data_sjw canfd_conf.tseg1Dbr = timing.data_tseg1 canfd_conf.tseg2Dbr = timing.data_tseg2 self.xldriver.xlCanFdSetConfiguration( self.port_handle, self.channel_masks[channel], canfd_conf ) "xlCanFdSetConfiguration.: ABaudr.=%u, DBaudr.=%u", canfd_conf.arbitrationBitRate, canfd_conf.dataBitRate, ) "xlCanFdSetConfiguration.: sjwAbr=%u, tseg1Abr=%u, tseg2Abr=%u", canfd_conf.sjwAbr, canfd_conf.tseg1Abr, canfd_conf.tseg2Abr, ) "xlCanFdSetConfiguration.: sjwDbr=%u, tseg1Dbr=%u, tseg2Dbr=%u", canfd_conf.sjwDbr, canfd_conf.tseg1Dbr, canfd_conf.tseg2Dbr, ) if not self.__testing: self._check_can_settings( channel=channel, bitrate=timing.nom_bitrate, sample_point=timing.nom_sample_point, fd=True, data_bitrate=timing.data_bitrate, data_sample_point=timing.data_sample_point, ) def _check_can_settings( self, channel: int, bitrate: int, sample_point: Optional[float] = None, fd: bool = False, data_bitrate: Optional[int] = None, data_sample_point: Optional[float] = None, ) -> None: """Compare requested CAN settings to active settings in driver.""" bus_params = self._read_bus_params(channel) # use canfd even if fd==False, bus_params.can and bus_params.canfd are a C union bus_params_data = bus_params.canfd settings_acceptable = True # check bus type settings_acceptable &= ( bus_params.bus_type is xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN ) # check CAN operation mode if fd: settings_acceptable &= bool( bus_params_data.can_op_mode & xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode.XL_BUS_PARAMS_CANOPMODE_CANFD ) elif bus_params_data.can_op_mode != 0: # can_op_mode is always 0 for cancaseXL settings_acceptable &= bool( bus_params_data.can_op_mode & xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode.XL_BUS_PARAMS_CANOPMODE_CAN20 ) # check bitrates if bitrate: settings_acceptable &= ( abs(bus_params_data.bitrate - bitrate) < bitrate / 256 ) if fd and data_bitrate: settings_acceptable &= ( abs(bus_params_data.data_bitrate - data_bitrate) < data_bitrate / 256 ) # check sample points if sample_point: nom_sample_point_act = ( 100 * (1 + bus_params_data.tseg1_abr) / (1 + bus_params_data.tseg1_abr + bus_params_data.tseg2_abr) ) settings_acceptable &= ( abs(nom_sample_point_act - sample_point) < 2.0 # 2 percent tolerance ) if fd and data_sample_point: data_sample_point_act = ( 100 * (1 + bus_params_data.tseg1_dbr) / (1 + bus_params_data.tseg1_dbr + bus_params_data.tseg2_dbr) ) settings_acceptable &= ( abs(data_sample_point_act - data_sample_point) < 2.0 # 2 percent tolerance ) if not settings_acceptable: # The error message depends on the currently active CAN settings. # If the active operation mode is CAN FD, show the active CAN FD timings, # otherwise show CAN 2.0 timings. if bool( bus_params_data.can_op_mode & xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode.XL_BUS_PARAMS_CANOPMODE_CANFD ): active_settings = bus_params.canfd._asdict() active_settings["can_op_mode"] = "CAN FD" else: active_settings = bus_params.can._asdict() active_settings["can_op_mode"] = "CAN 2.0" settings_string = ", ".join( [f"{key}: {val}" for key, val in active_settings.items()] ) raise CanInitializationError( f"The requested settings could not be set for channel {channel}. " f"Another application might have set incompatible settings. " f"These are the currently active settings: {settings_string}." ) def _apply_filters(self, filters: Optional[CanFilters]) -> None: if filters: # Only up to one filter per ID type allowed if len(filters) == 1 or ( len(filters) == 2 and filters[0].get("extended") != filters[1].get("extended") ): try: for can_filter in filters: self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelAcceptance( self.port_handle, self.mask, can_filter["can_id"], can_filter["can_mask"], xldefine.XL_AcceptanceFilter.XL_CAN_EXT if can_filter.get("extended") else xldefine.XL_AcceptanceFilter.XL_CAN_STD, ) except VectorOperationError as exception: LOG.warning("Could not set filters: %s", exception) # go to fallback else: self._is_filtered = True return else: LOG.warning("Only up to one filter per extended or standard ID allowed") # go to fallback # fallback: reset filters self._is_filtered = False try: self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelAcceptance( self.port_handle, self.mask, 0x0, 0x0, xldefine.XL_AcceptanceFilter.XL_CAN_EXT, ) self.xldriver.xlCanSetChannelAcceptance( self.port_handle, self.mask, 0x0, 0x0, xldefine.XL_AcceptanceFilter.XL_CAN_STD, ) except VectorOperationError as exc: LOG.warning("Could not reset filters: %s", exc) def _recv_internal( self, timeout: Optional[float] ) -> Tuple[Optional[Message], bool]: end_time = time.time() + timeout if timeout is not None else None while True: try: if self.fd: msg = self._recv_canfd() else: msg = self._recv_can() except VectorOperationError as exception: if exception.error_code != xldefine.XL_Status.XL_ERR_QUEUE_IS_EMPTY: raise else: if msg: return msg, self._is_filtered # if no message was received, wait or return on timeout if end_time is not None and time.time() > end_time: return None, self._is_filtered if HAS_EVENTS: # Wait for receive event to occur if end_time is None: time_left_ms = INFINITE else: time_left = end_time - time.time() time_left_ms = max(0, int(time_left * 1000)) WaitForSingleObject(self.event_handle.value, time_left_ms) # type: ignore else: # Wait a short time until we try again time.sleep(self.poll_interval) def _recv_canfd(self) -> Optional[Message]: xl_can_rx_event = xlclass.XLcanRxEvent() self.xldriver.xlCanReceive(self.port_handle, xl_can_rx_event) if xl_can_rx_event.tag == xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_EventTags.XL_CAN_EV_TAG_RX_OK: is_rx = True data_struct = xl_can_rx_event.tagData.canRxOkMsg elif xl_can_rx_event.tag == xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_EventTags.XL_CAN_EV_TAG_TX_OK: is_rx = False data_struct = xl_can_rx_event.tagData.canTxOkMsg else: self.handle_canfd_event(xl_can_rx_event) return None msg_id = data_struct.canId dlc = dlc2len(data_struct.dlc) flags = data_struct.msgFlags timestamp = xl_can_rx_event.timeStamp * 1e-9 channel = self.index_to_channel.get(xl_can_rx_event.chanIndex) return Message( timestamp=timestamp + self._time_offset, arbitration_id=msg_id & 0x1FFFFFFF, is_extended_id=bool( msg_id & xldefine.XL_MessageFlagsExtended.XL_CAN_EXT_MSG_ID ), is_remote_frame=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_RXMSG_FLAG_RTR ), is_error_frame=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_RXMSG_FLAG_EF ), is_fd=bool(flags & xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_RXMSG_FLAG_EDL), bitrate_switch=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_RXMSG_FLAG_BRS ), error_state_indicator=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_CANFD_RX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_RXMSG_FLAG_ESI ), is_rx=is_rx, channel=channel, dlc=dlc,[:dlc], ) def _recv_can(self) -> Optional[Message]: xl_event = xlclass.XLevent() event_count = ctypes.c_uint(1) self.xldriver.xlReceive(self.port_handle, event_count, xl_event) if xl_event.tag != xldefine.XL_EventTags.XL_RECEIVE_MSG: self.handle_can_event(xl_event) return None msg_id = dlc = xl_event.tagData.msg.dlc flags = xl_event.tagData.msg.flags timestamp = xl_event.timeStamp * 1e-9 channel = self.index_to_channel.get(xl_event.chanIndex) return Message( timestamp=timestamp + self._time_offset, arbitration_id=msg_id & 0x1FFFFFFF, is_extended_id=bool( msg_id & xldefine.XL_MessageFlagsExtended.XL_CAN_EXT_MSG_ID ), is_remote_frame=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_MSG_FLAG_REMOTE_FRAME ), is_error_frame=bool( flags & xldefine.XL_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_MSG_FLAG_ERROR_FRAME ), is_rx=not bool( flags & xldefine.XL_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_MSG_FLAG_TX_COMPLETED ), is_fd=False, dlc=dlc,[:dlc], channel=channel, ) def handle_can_event(self, event: xlclass.XLevent) -> None: """Handle non-message CAN events. Method is called by :meth:`~can.interfaces.vector.VectorBus._recv_internal` when `event.tag` is not `XL_RECEIVE_MSG`. Subclasses can implement this method. :param event: XLevent that could have a `XL_CHIP_STATE`, `XL_TIMER` or `XL_SYNC_PULSE` tag. """ def handle_canfd_event(self, event: xlclass.XLcanRxEvent) -> None: """Handle non-message CAN FD events. Method is called by :meth:`~can.interfaces.vector.VectorBus._recv_internal` when `event.tag` is not `XL_CAN_EV_TAG_RX_OK` or `XL_CAN_EV_TAG_TX_OK`. Subclasses can implement this method. :param event: `XLcanRxEvent` that could have a `XL_CAN_EV_TAG_RX_ERROR`, `XL_CAN_EV_TAG_TX_ERROR`, `XL_TIMER` or `XL_CAN_EV_TAG_CHIP_STATE` tag. """
[docs] def send(self, msg: Message, timeout: Optional[float] = None) -> None: self._send_sequence([msg])
def _send_sequence(self, msgs: Sequence[Message]) -> int: """Send messages and return number of successful transmissions.""" if self.fd: return self._send_can_fd_msg_sequence(msgs) else: return self._send_can_msg_sequence(msgs) def _get_tx_channel_mask(self, msgs: Sequence[Message]) -> int: if len(msgs) == 1: return self.channel_masks.get(msgs[0].channel, self.mask) # type: ignore[arg-type] else: return self.mask def _send_can_msg_sequence(self, msgs: Sequence[Message]) -> int: """Send CAN messages and return number of successful transmissions.""" mask = self._get_tx_channel_mask(msgs) message_count = ctypes.c_uint(len(msgs)) xl_event_array = (xlclass.XLevent * message_count.value)( *map(self._build_xl_event, msgs) ) self.xldriver.xlCanTransmit( self.port_handle, mask, message_count, xl_event_array ) return message_count.value @staticmethod def _build_xl_event(msg: Message) -> xlclass.XLevent: msg_id = msg.arbitration_id if msg.is_extended_id: msg_id |= xldefine.XL_MessageFlagsExtended.XL_CAN_EXT_MSG_ID flags = 0 if msg.is_remote_frame: flags |= xldefine.XL_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_MSG_FLAG_REMOTE_FRAME xl_event = xlclass.XLevent() xl_event.tag = xldefine.XL_EventTags.XL_TRANSMIT_MSG = msg_id xl_event.tagData.msg.dlc = msg.dlc xl_event.tagData.msg.flags = flags = tuple( return xl_event def _send_can_fd_msg_sequence(self, msgs: Sequence[Message]) -> int: """Send CAN FD messages and return number of successful transmissions.""" mask = self._get_tx_channel_mask(msgs) message_count = len(msgs) xl_can_tx_event_array = (xlclass.XLcanTxEvent * message_count)( *map(self._build_xl_can_tx_event, msgs) ) msg_count_sent = ctypes.c_uint(0) self.xldriver.xlCanTransmitEx( self.port_handle, mask, message_count, msg_count_sent, xl_can_tx_event_array ) return msg_count_sent.value @staticmethod def _build_xl_can_tx_event(msg: Message) -> xlclass.XLcanTxEvent: msg_id = msg.arbitration_id if msg.is_extended_id: msg_id |= xldefine.XL_MessageFlagsExtended.XL_CAN_EXT_MSG_ID flags = 0 if msg.is_fd: flags |= xldefine.XL_CANFD_TX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_TXMSG_FLAG_EDL if msg.bitrate_switch: flags |= xldefine.XL_CANFD_TX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_TXMSG_FLAG_BRS if msg.is_remote_frame: flags |= xldefine.XL_CANFD_TX_MessageFlags.XL_CAN_TXMSG_FLAG_RTR xl_can_tx_event = xlclass.XLcanTxEvent() xl_can_tx_event.tag = xldefine.XL_CANFD_TX_EventTags.XL_CAN_EV_TAG_TX_MSG xl_can_tx_event.transId = 0xFFFF xl_can_tx_event.tagData.canMsg.canId = msg_id xl_can_tx_event.tagData.canMsg.msgFlags = flags xl_can_tx_event.tagData.canMsg.dlc = len2dlc(msg.dlc) = tuple( return xl_can_tx_event
[docs] def flush_tx_buffer(self) -> None: self.xldriver.xlCanFlushTransmitQueue(self.port_handle, self.mask)
[docs] def shutdown(self) -> None: super().shutdown() with contextlib.suppress(VectorError): self.xldriver.xlDeactivateChannel(self.port_handle, self.mask) self.xldriver.xlClosePort(self.port_handle) self.xldriver.xlCloseDriver()
def reset(self) -> None: self.xldriver.xlDeactivateChannel(self.port_handle, self.mask) self.xldriver.xlActivateChannel( self.port_handle, self.mask, xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN, 0 ) @staticmethod def _detect_available_configs() -> List[AutoDetectedConfig]: configs = [] channel_configs = get_channel_configs()"Found %d channels", len(channel_configs)) for channel_config in channel_configs: if ( not channel_config.channel_bus_capabilities & xldefine.XL_BusCapabilities.XL_BUS_ACTIVE_CAP_CAN ): continue "Channel index %d: %s", channel_config.channel_index,, ) configs.append( { # data for use in VectorBus.__init__(): "interface": "vector", "channel": channel_config.hw_channel, "serial": channel_config.serial_number, # data for use in VectorBus.set_application_config(): "hw_type": channel_config.hw_type, "hw_index": channel_config.hw_index, "hw_channel": channel_config.hw_channel, # additional information: "supports_fd": bool( channel_config.channel_capabilities & xldefine.XL_ChannelCapabilities.XL_CHANNEL_FLAG_CANFD_ISO_SUPPORT ), "vector_channel_config": channel_config, } ) return configs # type: ignore
[docs] @staticmethod def popup_vector_hw_configuration(wait_for_finish: int = 0) -> None: """Open vector hardware configuration window. :param wait_for_finish: Time to wait for user input in milliseconds. """ if xldriver is None: raise CanInterfaceNotImplementedError("The Vector API has not been loaded") xldriver.xlPopupHwConfig(ctypes.c_char_p(), ctypes.c_uint(wait_for_finish))
[docs] @staticmethod def get_application_config( app_name: str, app_channel: int ) -> Tuple[Union[int, xldefine.XL_HardwareType], int, int]: """Retrieve information for an application in Vector Hardware Configuration. :param app_name: The name of the application. :param app_channel: The channel of the application. :return: Returns a tuple of the hardware type, the hardware index and the hardware channel. :raises can.interfaces.vector.VectorInitializationError: If the application name does not exist in the Vector hardware configuration. """ if xldriver is None: raise CanInterfaceNotImplementedError("The Vector API has not been loaded") hw_type = ctypes.c_uint() hw_index = ctypes.c_uint() hw_channel = ctypes.c_uint() _app_channel = ctypes.c_uint(app_channel) try: xldriver.xlGetApplConfig( app_name.encode(), _app_channel, hw_type, hw_index, hw_channel, xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN, ) except VectorError as e: raise VectorInitializationError( error_code=e.error_code, error_string=( f"Vector HW Config: Channel '{app_channel}' of " f"application '{app_name}' is not assigned to any interface" ), function="xlGetApplConfig", ) from None return _hw_type(hw_type.value), hw_index.value, hw_channel.value
[docs] @staticmethod def set_application_config( app_name: str, app_channel: int, hw_type: Union[int, xldefine.XL_HardwareType], hw_index: int, hw_channel: int, **kwargs: Any, ) -> None: """Modify the application settings in Vector Hardware Configuration. This method can also be used with a channel config dictionary:: import can from can.interfaces.vector import VectorBus configs = can.detect_available_configs(interfaces=['vector']) cfg = configs[0] VectorBus.set_application_config(app_name="MyApplication", app_channel=0, **cfg) :param app_name: The name of the application. Creates a new application if it does not exist yet. :param app_channel: The channel of the application. :param hw_type: The hardware type of the interface. E.g XL_HardwareType.XL_HWTYPE_VIRTUAL :param hw_index: The index of the interface if multiple interface with the same hardware type are present. :param hw_channel: The channel index of the interface. :raises can.interfaces.vector.VectorInitializationError: If the application name does not exist in the Vector hardware configuration. """ if xldriver is None: raise CanInterfaceNotImplementedError("The Vector API has not been loaded") xldriver.xlSetApplConfig( app_name.encode(), app_channel, hw_type, hw_index, hw_channel, xldefine.XL_BusTypes.XL_BUS_TYPE_CAN, )
def set_timer_rate(self, timer_rate_ms: int) -> None: """Set the cyclic event rate of the port. Once set, the port will generate a cyclic event with the tag XL_EventTags.XL_TIMER. This timer can be used to keep an application alive. See XL Driver Library Description for more information :param timer_rate_ms: The timer rate in ms. The minimal timer rate is 1ms, a value of 0 deactivates the timer events. """ timer_rate_10us = timer_rate_ms * 100 self.xldriver.xlSetTimerRate(self.port_handle, timer_rate_10us)
[docs]class VectorCanParams(NamedTuple): bitrate: int sjw: int tseg1: int tseg2: int sam: int output_mode: xldefine.XL_OutputMode can_op_mode: xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode
[docs]class VectorCanFdParams(NamedTuple): bitrate: int data_bitrate: int sjw_abr: int tseg1_abr: int tseg2_abr: int sam_abr: int sjw_dbr: int tseg1_dbr: int tseg2_dbr: int output_mode: xldefine.XL_OutputMode can_op_mode: xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode
[docs]class VectorBusParams(NamedTuple): bus_type: xldefine.XL_BusTypes can: VectorCanParams canfd: VectorCanFdParams
[docs]class VectorChannelConfig(NamedTuple): """NamedTuple which contains the channel properties from Vector XL API.""" name: str hw_type: Union[int, xldefine.XL_HardwareType] hw_index: int hw_channel: int channel_index: int channel_mask: int channel_capabilities: xldefine.XL_ChannelCapabilities channel_bus_capabilities: xldefine.XL_BusCapabilities is_on_bus: bool connected_bus_type: xldefine.XL_BusTypes bus_params: VectorBusParams serial_number: int article_number: int transceiver_name: str
def _get_xl_driver_config() -> xlclass.XLdriverConfig: if xldriver is None: raise VectorError( error_code=xldefine.XL_Status.XL_ERR_DLL_NOT_FOUND, error_string="xldriver is unavailable", function="_get_xl_driver_config", ) driver_config = xlclass.XLdriverConfig() xldriver.xlOpenDriver() xldriver.xlGetDriverConfig(driver_config) xldriver.xlCloseDriver() return driver_config def _read_bus_params_from_c_struct(bus_params: xlclass.XLbusParams) -> VectorBusParams: return VectorBusParams( bus_type=xldefine.XL_BusTypes(bus_params.busType), can=VectorCanParams(,,,,, output_mode=xldefine.XL_OutputMode(, can_op_mode=xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode( ), ), canfd=VectorCanFdParams(,,,,,,,,, output_mode=xldefine.XL_OutputMode(, can_op_mode=xldefine.XL_CANFD_BusParams_CanOpMode( ), ), )
[docs]def get_channel_configs() -> List[VectorChannelConfig]: """Read channel properties from Vector XL API.""" try: driver_config = _get_xl_driver_config() except VectorError: return [] channel_list: List[VectorChannelConfig] = [] for i in range(driver_config.channelCount): xlcc: xlclass.XLchannelConfig =[i] vcc = VectorChannelConfig(, hw_type=_hw_type(xlcc.hwType), hw_index=xlcc.hwIndex, hw_channel=xlcc.hwChannel, channel_index=xlcc.channelIndex, channel_mask=xlcc.channelMask, channel_capabilities=xldefine.XL_ChannelCapabilities( xlcc.channelCapabilities ), channel_bus_capabilities=xldefine.XL_BusCapabilities( xlcc.channelBusCapabilities ), is_on_bus=bool(xlcc.isOnBus), bus_params=_read_bus_params_from_c_struct(xlcc.busParams), connected_bus_type=xldefine.XL_BusTypes(xlcc.connectedBusType), serial_number=xlcc.serialNumber, article_number=xlcc.articleNumber, transceiver_name=xlcc.transceiverName.decode(), ) channel_list.append(vcc) return channel_list
def _hw_type(hw_type: int) -> Union[int, xldefine.XL_HardwareType]: try: return xldefine.XL_HardwareType(hw_type) except ValueError: LOG.warning(f'Unknown XL_HardwareType value "{hw_type}"') return hw_type